Congestive Heart failure, commonly known as heart failure, is a condition where your heart works less efficiently. Heart failure does not indicate the heart has stopped working. Instead, due to various causes, the heart's pumping power reduces, making it unable to maintain the body's demand for oxygen and nutrients.
Congestive heart failure is a severe and life-threatening condition where the heart muscle walls weaken. Eventually, fluid will fill the lungs, and kidneys will not receive sufficient blood, leading to kidney failure.
Heart failure is caused by numerous risk factors that damage the heart muscles. It can also be caused due to stiffness in the arteries that restricts blood flow. The risk factors that will possibly lead to Congestive Heart Failure include:
High blood pressure
Heavy alcohol use
Faulty muscle inflammation
Coronary artery disease
There are chances that you may not notice any symptoms. Symptoms can be mild or severe, constant or inconsistent. Here are a few symptoms that are commonly seen:
Shortness of breath
Swollen ankles, legs, abdomen
There are various tests to diagnose heart failure. Considering your symptoms, medical history, family medical history, a physical exam will be conducted to determine the cause of congestive heart failure. The diagnostic tests include:
Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide) blood test
Congestive heart failure treatment depends on the patient's condition. The goal of the treatment is to stabilize the patient's condition, ease the symptoms and improve their lifestyle. The following are the treatments, which can vary depending on the patient's condition:
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